65 years ago from today, America became the first and only nation to use a nuclear weapon in war against the Empire of Japan. The Enola Gay dropped the ?Little Boy? bomb directly killing an estimated 80,000 people. By the end of the 1945 deaths from burns and radiation sickness brought the death toll to an estimated 90 ? 140,000 people. Approximately 67% of the cities buildings were completely destroyed. It was only the second nuclear explosion on Earth. While only 2 bombs have ever been detonated against actual targets in war, in the time since (up till 1998), 7 nations have set off an additional 2051 bombs.
Hiroshima Peace Memorial
1943 ? World War II: Operation Gomorrah begins: British and Canadian airplanes bomb Hamburg by night, those of the Americans by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 30,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
- Ecuador ? Sim?n Bol?var Day.
- Utah ? Pioneer Day (1847).
- Ancient Latvia ? Jekaupa Diena held.
- In the United States, National Tequila Day is July 24.